IN RADIO CONTACT WITH MARS

Wireless Transmissions and Martian Deception

On Halloween Eve, October 30, 1938, actor and writer, Orson Welles established the most famous connection ever between Mars and wireless technology.  But it was far from the most provocative.  The broadcast of H.G. Wells, War of the Worlds (1898), scared the pants off at least one million Americans, especially in the northeast United States.  Orson Welles changed H.G. Wells’ place names from England to New York and rendered the broadcast in the manner of a live eyewitness.  By doing so, the program transfixed its listeners.[1]  Wireless technology in its then most ubiquitous form, the radio, proved that intelligent life ON THIS WORLD could be duped into believing the most amazing propositions if broadcasters cleverly fashioned their production to blur fantasy and reality.   Fast forward to today:  deceiving the masses with wireless technology constitutes a fully perfected science.  Television, the most popular wireless communication medium, seems the grand master of deception.  A case in point: the line between news and entertainment has never been so thin.

Orson Welles, War of the Worlds Radio Broadcast, 1938
Orson Welles, War of the Worlds Radio Broadcast, 1938

But Welles’ Mercury Theater presentation of 1938 was hardly the first instance where the population has been beguiled by mention of Mars amidst wireless transmission. In fact, as this article will demonstrate some of our smartest scientists have been guilty of letting their imagination run away with itself in the search for intelligence on other worlds. 

Not that this spectacular “astrobiological” detective work isn’t genuinely alluring.  The prospect of discovering life on another world, or to be more specific, to be the first scientist to confirm intelligent life exists elsewhere, could forever emblazon one’s name in the history books.

What scientist with a larger than life ego (which seems an essential ingredient to become famous in all forms of scientific research), wouldn’t be eager to make his or her mark in this way?  To underscore the point, we will talk here about two ultra-famous scientists who invented the most important forms of both wired and wireless technology and how they romantically employed their inventions in an incredible attempt to confirm life on Mars.  In fact, as we recount their stories the reader should make note that these two scientists, Nikola Tesla (1856 – 1943) and Gugliemo Marconi (1874 – 1937), not unlike their predecessors, were driven over the line from the realm of science into the murky dominion of the supernatural.  However non-intuitive this migration may appear, this paranormal perspective reigns steadfast with the almost all exotic scientific inquiries down through the ages.

The Wireless Inventions of Marconi and Tesla

First there is Marconi.  Like Bruce Wayne (aka Batman) and his man-servant Alfred, Marconi did science experiments in the company of his butler.  When reaching only his twentieth birthday, Marconi invented the wireless telegraph.  He fashioned it by connecting a battery, a spark-gap transmitter, and a bell, composing a storm alarm.  When lightning would strike, the bell would ring.  Eventually, Marconi made the bell chime by just pushing a button on the other side of his laboratory away from the ringer.  Not long thereafter, in 1895, he took his creation outdoors.  He placed transmitting and receiving antennas straight up and down (periodically increasing the distance betwixt) and soon learned that by ‘grounding’ his device (making sure it touched the ground), he could extend the connection, even sending signals over a hill for a distance of up to two miles.  It was such a remarkable discovery, that the head of the Italian Ministry of Post and Telegraphs took Marconi’s politely letter addressed to his attention (a communiqué which explained the device) and wrote across it, “Via della Lungara,” a suggestion that the author should be sent straight to Longara – the insane asylum in Rome.

Marconi and the Wireless Telegraph
Marconi and the Wireless Telegraph

However, despite this torpid reception, eventually Marconi would acquire the respect due him.  He developed the transatlantic telegraph, be credited for inventing the long distance radio, and apply this invention to notable commercial applications.  For example, in 1904, ships at sea purchased subscriptions to receive news summaries. In fact, the first radio message originating in the United States was a greeting sent through Marconi’s device in January, 1903 from President Theodore Roosevelt to King Edward VII.  In 1909, Marconi shared the Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Braun for his contributions to radio.  However, allow me to furnish a bit more detail about Marconi’s wireless accomplishments, connecting Marconi to the other scientist of concern, Nikola Tesla. In the citation below, we pick up a few more details about Marconi and make an important connection to Nikola Tesla, allegedly a mentor to Marconi.

Marconi studied radio transmission theory with [Nikola] Tesla and made his first radio transmission in 1895. Marconi was fascinated by the transmission of power, and in 1896 received a British patent and sent a signal nine miles across the Bristol Channel. In 1899 he successfully setup a wireless station to communicate with a French station 31 miles across the English Channel.

It was thought that the curve of the earth’s surface would limit radio transmission to 200 miles at the most, when, on December 11, 1901, Marconi transmitted a signal from Poldhu, Cornwall, to St. John’s Newfoundland, 2000 miles away, he created a major sensation.[2] [Emphasis in original]

In our day, Tesla’s work has increasingly become subject to considerable speculation.   The reader might recall that it was Tesla who played an important role in the 2006 film, The Prestige, as the dark, mysterious character in Colorado Springs who, circa 1901 activated lights wirelessly (which at the turn of the century Tesla actually achieved).  The plot of the fascinating film hangs upon Tesla’s ability to create clones of objects, even human beings, through his electrical wizardry!  In many respects, compared to other astounding inventions he may have truly produced, an achievement such as the film hypothesizes may not have been entirely outside the realm of possibility.  Indeed, compared to legend. seldom is the truth of one’s accomplishments understated.  But in Tesla’s case, the folklore may pale in comparison to what he actually attained.  For instance, some assert he created an anti-gravity machine that he could (and did) ride into the sky along the lines of the Green Goblin in Batman comic books.

We know for a fact that Tesla developed the so-called Tesla Coil.[3]  Additionally, his understanding of physics, gravity, and space-time challenged the sacrosanct and celebrated teachings of Einstein.  Furthermore, Tesla confronted Einstein head-on regarding the capacity of mass to warp space-time.  Instead Tesla claimed (and may have proven) that mass inherits the attributes of space-time, thus reversing the “cause and effect” argued by Einstein.  In other words, Tesla suggested that mass acquires the properties of space-time.   For Tesla, what we commonly describe as “mass and energy” are, in their most fundamental state (and as we might imagine, in condensed form) nothing more than time.  Therefore, time comprises the most essential building block of our universe.  We can go so far to conceptually understand all substances as “knots” of time; while energy exists as “time” in an alternative form.  (See my book, Power Quest, Book One, for a animated discussion on the alternative physics of Nikola Tesla which mirrors the work of Russian Nikolai Kozyrev, 1908 – 1983).

In regards to wireless technologies, Tesla discovered how energy could be transmitted through the aether.  Indeed, it is strongly suspected that he discovered a method to leech energy from time itself, providing a means to generate free energy from the basic, fundamental substance of the creation.  Many of the imaginative (but sometimes difficult) books of Joseph P. Farrell follow this line of thought.  While Tesla’s benefactor, J.P. Morgan  (the owner of Standard Oil and monopolist extraordinaire), may have been impressed, he wasn’t about to let Tesla’s invention crash his empire built as it was upon the worldwide burning of fossil fuels.  Furthermore, Tesla may have invented a wireless means of transmitting information that far exceeded the capability of electromagnetism (conventional radio waves).  Within a mere matter of a few years from Marconi’s wireless achievements, Tesla experimented with propagating gravitic (more properly, electrogravitic) energy waves.[4]  This area of research opened the door to “rising above” gravity we know as levitation and a means to propel aircraft laterally as well as vertically.  In effect, gravitic energy may be THE vehicle (no pun intended) for powering the flying saucer and even enabling interstellar space travel.  Why the comment on interstellar travel?  Because the theory of gravitic propulsion proposes objects (and energy waves) break the barrier of the speed of light (Einstein’s well-known constant).  Like light, radio waves are limited to the speed of light (186,000 miles per second).   But gravitic energy is propagated virtually instantaneous across vast distances of space.  It is the basis for the quirky connection between two particles that can instantaneously alter one another although separated by near infinite distance (seemingly demonstrating a mystical connection).  According to Tesla, Einstein was simply wrong about the nature of space-time as the fourth dimension.

Tesla and Wireless Telegraphs to Mars

But for our purposes, allow me to draw attention to a self-admitted fact:  Tesla believed he communicated with men on Mars after he began using his gravitic waves to send and receive “signals” to other worlds.  The story goes (as related by Robert A. Nelson in his 1998 paper:  “Communicating with Mars:  The Experiments of Tesla & Hodowanec”), that Tesla discovered a means to detect electrical disturbances anywhere within a thousand miles of his location.  In Nelson’s piece, we read about Tesla’s Colorado Springs’ “wireless lighting” featured in The Prestige.   Nelson notes his device was called the Magnifying Transmitter.  When using this technology, Tesla claimed he received signals originating from Mars.  Tesla speaks for himself in an article published in Collier’s Weekly (March 1901) entitled “Talking with the Planets” in which he made this announcement:

As I was improving my machines for the production of intense electrical actions, I was also perfecting the means for observing feeble effects. One of the most interesting results, and also one of great practical importance, was the development of certain contrivances for indicating at a distance of many hundred miles an approaching storm, its direction, speed and distance traveled.

It was in carrying on this work that for the first time I discovered those mysterious effects which have elicited such unusual interest. I had perfected the apparatus referred to so far that from my laboratory in the Colorado mountains I could feel the pulse of the globe, as it were, noting every electrical discharge that occurred within a range of 1100 miles.

I can never forget the first sensations I experienced when it dawned upon me that I had observed something possibly of incalculable consequences to mankind. I felt as though I were present at the birth of a new knowledge or the revelation of a great truth. My first observations positively terrified me, as there was present in them something mysterious, not to say supernatural, and I was alone in my laboratory at night; but at that time the idea of these disturbances being intelligently controlled signal did not yet present itself to me. The changes I noted were taking place periodically and with such a clear suggestion of number and order that they were not traceable to any cause known to me. I was familiar, of course, with such electrical disturbances as are produced by the sun, Aurora Borealis and earth currents, and I was as sure as I could be of any fact that these variations were due to none of these causes. The nature of my experiments precluded the possibility of the changes being produced by atmospheric disturbances, as has been rashly asserted by some. It was sometime afterward when the thought flashed upon my mind that the disturbances I had observed might be due to an intelligent control. Although I could not decipher their meaning, it was impossible for me to think of them as having been entirely accidental. The feeling is constantly growing in me that I had been the first to hear the greeting of one planet to another. A purpose was behind these electrical signals! [5]

Tesla's Journey to Mars
Tesla’s Journey to Mars

But the story goes deeper. Nelson discusses another enigmatic figure – Arthur Matthews – who claimed Tesla developed a device which Matthews labeled the Teslascope.  Its purpose was expressly to communicate with Martians![6]   Nelson is not the only voice claiming this to be true.

In article written by Greg Brian, Brian provides this bit of corroborative analysis:

Whether Tesla really invented something called a Teslascope, which reportedly was an off-hoot of the Magnifying Transmitter, is still up for debate. This was basically a radio transceiver [not really – it was gravitic] that could be aimed at planets or toward direction on Earth similarly to a telescope.  Transmitting large amounts of electric waves was the secret.  Tesla though, on being able to communicate with an intelligent race if there was one.  While the proof is sketchy he invented something called a Teslascope, Tesla did attempt to use his internationally famous Tesla Coil as a form of receiver to experiment with electric waves passed through the atmosphere as possible communication globally or to another planet.[7] [Comment mine]

The colorful personage, Dr. Andrija Puharich who I discuss at length in several of my books (a CIA agent who investigated the paranormal and how it might be used in warfare), met with Matthews and did an interview concerning the interplanetary purpose of his wireless communication device (based on gravitics). This interview was published in the Pyramid Guide (not your average weekly news magazine).  Puharich is quoted below:

[Arthur Matthews] came from England. Matthews’ father was a laboratory assistant to the noted physicist Lord Kelvin back in the 1890s. Tesla came over to England to meet Kelvin to convince him that alternating current was more efficient than direct current [Tesla invented the most conventional wired form of electricity, AC current which is what we use today in our homes and businesses]. Kelvin at that time opposed the AC movement. In 1902, the Matthews family left England and immigrated to Canada. When Matthew’s was 16 his father arranged for him to apprentice under Tesla. He eventually worked for him and continued this alliance until Tesla’s death in 1943. [Comment mine]

It is not generally known, but Tesla actually had two huge magnifying transmitters built in Canada, and Matthews operated one of them. Most people know about the Colorado Springs transmitters and the unfinished one on Long Island. I saw the two Canadian transmitters. All the evidence is there.

[The Teslascope is] the thing Tesla invented to communicate with beings on other planets. There’s a diagram of the Teslascope in Matthew’s book [The Wall of Light]. In principle, it takes in cosmic ray signals. Eventually the signals are stepped down to audio. Speak into one end, and the signal goes out the other end as a cosmic ray emitter. [8]

Nelson goes on to detail the work of L. G. Lawrence who described a similar phenomenon in his article, “Communication by Accident” with extraterrestrial intelligences:

On October 29, 1971 while conducting exploratory RBS [Remote Biological Sensing] experiments in Riverside County, CA, our field instrumentation’s organic transducer complex intercepted a train of apparently intelligent communication signals (tight spacing and discrete pulse intervals) while accidentally allowed to remain pointed at the constellation Ursa Major during a short rest period. The phenomenon prevailed for somewhat over 33 minutes.

A somewhat similar phenomenon was observed on April 10, 1972. The apparent signals, aside from seemingly growing weaker, appear to be transmitted at great intervals ranging from weeks to months, possibly years. A faint, coherent, binary-type phenomenon was noted during aural monitoring. Intervals between rapid series of pulse trains ranged from 3 to 10 minutes.

Because our equipment is impervious to electromagnetic radiation and found free of internal anomalies, the tentative conclusion of biological-type interstellar communications signals has emerged.[9]

Finally, Nelson discusses yet another electrical genius, Greg Hodowanec, who developed a theory of Rhysmonic Cosmology, based upon a device he designed called a Gravity Wave Detector (GWD).  Supposedly, the device is rather simple, capable of detecting “coherent modulations” in the microwave background radiation.[10]  Hodowanec uses his device expressly for the search for extraterrestrial life (SETI).  Nelson quotes Hodowanec from the Journal of Radio Astronomy (April 1986):

The advantage of a possible gravitational technique for SETI over the radio technique is primarily one of time of ‘propagation’ for these signals. The radio waves travel at the speed of light, but the gravitational signals (per the writer’s theories) are essentially instantaneous signals [as explained earlier]. Another advantage of the gravitational technique is the simplicity of the instrumentation required. As SARA members know, radio astronomy can be quite complicated. The gravitational wave detectors must rely largely on the Earth’s mass as a ‘shadow’ to enable the detection of gravitational radiation [the characteristics of earth gravity have to be subtracted from the signal to net out the difference]. Therefore, ‘objects’ or signals located in the observers’ zenith are best detected. Yet, the other areas are still ‘detectable’ especially with the aid of other ‘shadows’ such as the sun, moon, planets, etc.[11] [Comments mine]

The Tesla Coil - Filiment Discarges
The Tesla Coil – Filiment Discarges

In Nelson’s opinion, the burden of proof has been met.  As far as the Martian source of his gravitic wireless correspondence, Tesla’s testimony is conclusive.  Nelson asserts, “By July 1988, Hodowanec had confirmed Tesla’s claims, as he announced in “Some Remarks on the Tesla Mars Signals”:  [Quoting Hodowanec] “Such signals are being received today with simple modern-day scalar-type signal detectors…[12] coherent modulations are being ‘heard’ in [the microwave] background radiation. The most prominent modulations being three pulses (code S) slightly separated in time, a la Tesla! On occasions, the code equivalents of an E, N, A or K are also heard, but the most persistent response is SE, SE, etc.”[13]  The repetitive codes were only the beginning. Soon Hodowanec and his “source” began to develop a code to communicate back and forth and developed a language emulating Morse code. As if this amazing wireless exchange was beyond belief (continuing on back and forth for months), Hodowanec later disclosed his personal gravitic pen pal was resident in our solar system – right next door on the Red Planet, just as Tesla asserted!  In an untitled report from 3-13-89 he wrote:

This, in spite of NASA’s denial of any life forms on Mars which situation changed in 1996. [Not really]. This possibility has been recently suspected by the writer due to the apparently very close tracking of my position on Earth by ET. ET, of course, always knew that I was on Earth (as seen by his tracking), but now he has most emphatically confirmed that he is on the 4th planet from the sun, i.e., Mars!!!

While this release is probably a bit premature, I am so positive of these gravity signal ‘exchanges’ that I will stick my neck out in this instance. ET on Mars is apparently much more advanced than we are here on Earth, and he may have even previously visited here on Earth, and possibly colonized here (but who are his possible descendants?)

It is still a mystery where ET may be living on Mars (possibly underground near the Polar Regions), and why ET doesn’t use EM [traditional radio waves, i.e., electromagnetic] wave signaling methods? Perhaps, it is because Mars is so hostile now that ET must have developed a very sophisticated underground civilization which is not conducive to EM radiation systems? [Comments and emphasis mine]

To be sure, the record of the communications between Hodowanec and his Martian buddies boggles the mind.  Needless to say, it also very closely mirrors the typical communications between a plethora of mediums over the past 120 years and their purportedly extraterrestrial sources (a subject we will take up in yet another future article).

Tesla, Marconi, and South America

However, given our eagerness to entertain the fantastic, legend easily overwhelms well-documented fact.  When it comes to the exploits of this dynamic duo of Tesla and Marconi, whether real or imagined, hardly anything we can put forth seems too far-fetched.  Nevertheless, we will endeavor to simultaneously conclude our story and test the reader’s credulity.

In an article entitled “Tesla and the Pyramids of Mars,” extracted from “The Fantastic Inventions of Nikola Tesla,” an implausible history of the collaboration of these two most famous wireless inventors takes on even greater proportion.  Falling in line with the many theories of how science was exploited by fascist regimes (which this author has himself propounded), Tesla and Marconi combined efforts in an underground city in the South America resembling the scenes from the James Bond movie, You Only Live Twice.  Material in the article originates with a French writer, Robert Charroux from his book, The Mysteries of the Andes (first published in 1974), who declared these two scientists worked alongside 100 others in the Ciudad Subterranean de los Andes (the Underground City of the Andes).  Supposedly, Marconi had developed a “death ray” for Mussolini that scrambled electrical circuits and could stop automobiles dead in their tracks.  It was so fearful the Pope condemned Marconi and his device.  Upon the papal rejection, Marconi faked his own death and fled to South America aboard his yacht Electro with the not-so-renown scientific 100 stashed in his cargo hold.  Although no one would ever know directly about their exploits (until Charroux spilled these somewhat magical beans of course), the cadre was destined to forever change our world.

The account chronicles the efforts of Mario Rojas Avendaro, a Mexican journalist, who investigated the city and naturally determined it was all true.  In his book, Avendaro indicated he came across this unknown tale of history when contacted by an Italian, a student of Marconi, one Naciso Genovese, who also had written a most out-of-this-world volume entitled, Yo He Estado en Marte (My Trip to Mars).  Unfortunately (or maybe it was fortunate), the book never made its way into English (Note: this author’s research does include verifying the book exists, but does not include translation!)  From Avendaro, we learn the underground city lay in an extinct volcano at an altitude of 13,000 feet (in the Andes of Bolivia, the tree line – the limit to where trees can grow – does reach 17,000 feet, well above what we see in North America).  Regardless, the article ventures many flying saucers were actually the work of Marconi, Tesla, and Associates.

Now it is a veritable fact that South America has had more than its fair share of UFOs.  Still, these “facts” seem little more than speculation (being as they are based solely upon the incredible books referenced here), that the Andes-hideout-cum-science-lab was home to such amazing men and their flying machines.  Nonetheless, facts should never get in the way of a good story.  The article continues:

Based upon the above scenario, it may not be totally fantastic to suggest, as some authors have, that Tesla was picked up during the late 1930s by a flying saucer. Yet, it would not have been a flying saucer from another planet, but one of Marconi’s craft from the secret city in South America.

In the most incredible scenario so-far, and one that may well be true, Tesla was induced to fake his own death, just as Marconi and many of the other scientists had done, and was taken, by special discoid craft, to Marconi’s high-tech super-city.  Away from the outside world, the military governments, the oil companies, the arms and aircraft manufacturers, Marconi and Tesla, both supposedly dead, continued their experiments, in an atmosphere [albeit a thinly oxygenated one] conducive to scientific achievement. [Emphasis in original, comment not so much.] [14]

And to finish with a speculative flourish, the article asks a series of hypothetical questions about the creators of these wireless wonders:

They were ten years ahead of the Germans and twenty years ahead of the Americans in their anti-gravity technology. Could they have developed discoid spacecraft in the early 1940s, and gone on to time travel machines and hyperspace drives? Perhaps Marconi and Tesla went into the future, and have already returned to the past!

Time Travel experiments, teleportation, pyramids on Mars, Armageddon and an eventual Golden Age on earth, may all have something to do with Tesla, Marconi and their suppressed inventions.  While “UFO experts” and “former intelligence agents” tell us that flying saucers are extraterrestrial and are being currently retro-engineered by military scientists, Tesla, Marconi and their friends may be waiting for us at their space base at the pyramids and face on Mars.[15]

One can only hope that the air on Mars is at least as breathable as it was in the Andes volcano! Nevertheless, despite any exaggeration I may have allowed to infiltrate actual history in the last section of this article, we can safely attribute the miracle of wireless technology to both Tesla and Marconi.  Every time we hear a radio, watch television, even use our cellular phones (another technology altogether, but erected on the telecommunications building blocks established 120 years prior), we can thank Tesla and Marconi.  At the same time, we may wonder whether they actually spoke with intelligent beings on other worlds.  Did they talk to the Martians-gone-underground?  Or were they fooled by ultra-dimensional (spiritual) entities equally eager to demonstrate their own capacity to commune wirelessly regarding life on other worlds – even though their responses to inquiry were mostly misleading if not out-and-out poppycock?

The 1953 movie, War of the Worlds
The 1953 movie, War of the Worlds

 



Notes

[1] It was also helped along by the fact the program had no commercial interruptions.

[2] From the paper, “The Fantastic Inventions of Nikola Tesla”, accessed on 3/22/2013.  See http://www.biblio-tecapleyades.net/tesla/esp_tesla_35.htm.

[3] “A Tesla coil is an electrical resonant transformer circuit invented by Nikola Tesla around 1891.It is used to produce high-voltage, low-current, high frequency alternating-current electricity.  Tesla coils can produce higher voltages than other artificial sources of high-voltage discharges, electrostatic machines. Tesla experimented with a number of different configurations consisting of two, or sometimes three, coupled resonant electric circuits.”   See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tesla_Coil.

[4] The term has been vogue since 1956.  See Kerstin Klasson, Developments in the Terminology of Physics and Technology, page 30.

[5] From Robert A. Nelson, “Communicating with Mars:  The Experiments of Tesla & Hodowanec” (1998).  See http://www.rexresearch.com/hodomars/hodomars.htm.  Quoting from Tesla, Nikola: Collier’s Weekly (March 1901), p. 359-361; “Talking with the Planets.”

[6] But then Matthew’s statements have to be taken with more than a grain of salt.  He believed Tesla was from Venus (negating the more recent notion that “men are from Mars and women from Venus”).  Furthermore, Mathews asserted Tesla was visited by Venetians (or is it Venusians, but certainly not the kind from Venice).

[7] Greg Brian, “Did Nikola Tesla Communicate with Intelligence [sic] Beings on Mars?” See http://voices.-yahoo.com/did-nikola-tesla-communicate-intelligence-beings-1536713.html?cat=37. This is also the device that may have led to the development of the radio powerhouse we know as HAARP (High Frequency Active Auroral Research program), which researchers believe interferes with the ionosphere to alter weather and even create earthquakes and tsunamis.

[8] Pyramid Guide 4(3): 1 (January-February 1976); ibid., 5(2): 5 (November-December 1976); “Letter from Tesla” (6 January 1900).

[9] Ibid.  Quoting Lawrence, L.G.: Borderlands 52(1): 27-29 (1996); “Interstellar Communication Signals.”

[10] In cosmology, cosmic microwave background (CMB) radiation (also CMBR, CBR,MBR, and relic radiation) is thermal radiation filling the observable universe almost uniformly.  With a traditional optical telescope, the space between stars and galaxies (the background) is completely dark. However, a sufficiently sensitive telescope shows a faint background glow, almost exactly the same in all directions, that is not associated with any star, galaxy, or other object. This glow is strongest in the microwave region of the radio spectrum. The CMB’s serendipitous discovery in 1964 by American radio astronomers Arno Penzias and Robert Wilson[2] was the culmination of work initiated in the 1940s, and earned them the 1978 Nobel Prize.  See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/-Cosmic_microwave_background_radiation.

[11] Ibid.

[12] Scalar detectors would be a sophisticated way of expressing “digital” signaling which transposes analogue or wave-like means of communications and “rounds them off” into numeric equivalents.

[13] Ibid.

[14] From the article, “Tesla and The Pyramids of Mars”, see http://www.bibliotecapleyades.net/ tesla/esp_tesla_35.htm.

[15] Ibid.