Summary: One Rabbi, 2,000 years ago, led the campaign to corrupt our Old Testament (the Masoretic Text that all Protestant Bibles follow). And He succeeded – at least in a narrow sense. He is known as the father of Rabbinic Judaism. His name is Rabbi Akiba ben Josef (50 A.D. – 135 A.D.). Not only was he responsible for creating a Judaism that was no longer dependent upon a Temple and its sacrificial worship, he sought to obscure messianic passages in the Old Testament including the timing when Messiah was believed to arrive. In this article, I make the case … Read More
Summary: The Bible we have today is the result of herculean efforts by scholars for over 500 years, built on sustained efforts to maintain the pure Word of God for almost 1500 years prior to that. Those who do the work of text criticism to discern the original words written by prophets and apostles almost always believe in the providence of God to preserve the text of the Bible for all generations. The issue is how it was preserved. This article focuses on the Old Testament and how its transmission to us is indeed an epic story, one that … Read More
Does the LXX Ever Fill in the Gaps Left by the MT?
Summary: Textual Criticism Is NOT Just a Tool for Those Who Doubt the Authority and Inerrancy of the Bible’s Autographs. It is the means by which we have confidence that the written word we have is the Word of God. Historical Evangelicalism does not claim that the Bible we have in our hands today is perfect. It claims that the original writers wrote what God was pleased with and it reflected perfectly what God wanted them to say. Their autographs were inerrant. The Septuagint is one of the … Read More
Summary: There were three Roman-Jewish Wars between 66 A.D. and 135 A.D. The second Temple, Herod’s Temple, was destroyed by Titus in 70 A.D. But two other wars would follow even more devastating than the first. The Jews had proven to be Rome’s worst citizens driven by an apocalyptic vision that they lived in the days of Messiah. Jesus was rejected by Jewish leaders in 33 A.D. But exactly 100 years later, the new spiritual leader of Judaism, Rabbi Akiba, endorsed Simon Bar Kokhba as King Messiah. Akiba would create a completely new Judaism. Akiba hated Jesus of Nazareth and … Read More